• State Attorneys: Criminal Proceedings are instituted by the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) through officers called state attorneys.

  • Government Authorities authorized by the DPP: Powers to institute private prosecutions are granted by the DPP to authorities such as Uganda Revenue Authority (URA), Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA), Uganda Forestry Authority (UFA) and National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), among others.

  • Private Individuals: A private individual may also institute criminal proceedings by making a complaint of the alleged offence to a Magistrate who either has jurisdiction to try or inquire into the alleged offence, or has jurisdiction where the accused person is alleged to reside. However, the DPP has powers to take over such proceedings at any time.